CBMS Core Poverty Indicators
CBMS was designed to generate a core set of indicators that enable monitoring of multidimensional nature of poverty over time. The CBMS collects household and individual level data on key areas of human development including income and livelihood, education, health and nutrition, peace and order, community participation, and access to basic social services and programs. Data collected can be disaggregated across sub-population subgroups (age, gender, ethnicity, and income class among other individual and household level characteristics) and geopolitical location.
|Health||Proportion of children under 5 years old who died Proportion of women who died due to pregnancy-related causes||Health Poor|
|Nutrition||Proportion of children aged 0-5 years old who are malnourished||Nutrition Poor|
|Housing||Proportion of households living in makeshift housing||Housing Poor|
|Tenure||Proportion of households who are informal settlers||Tenure Poor|
|Water||Proportion of households without access to safe water supply||Water Poor|
|Sanitation||Proportion of households without access to sanitary toilet facilities||Sanitation Poor|
|Education||Proportion of children aged 6-11 years old who are not attending elementary school Proportion of children aged 12-17 years old who are not attending secondary school Proportion of children aged 6-17 years old who are not attending school||Education Poor|
|Income||Proportion of households with income below the poverty threshold Proportion of households with income below the food (subsistence) threshold||Income PoorIncome Poor (Extreme)|
|Hunger||Proportion of households who experienced hunger due to food shortage||Food Poor|
|Employment||Proportion of persons in the labor force who are unemployed||Job Poor|
|Peace and Order||Proportion of persons who are victims of crime||Security Poor|
Other Indicators, Indices, Etc.
While it generates a core set of indicators, the system has flexibility to accommodate community-specific indicators relevant to a particular country as well as other indicators that can aid more in depth analysis of emerging thematic concerns such as gender and development, monitoring the millennium development goals (MDGs) now the sustainable development goals (SDGs), disaster preparedness and climate change adaptation, and impact monitoring of economic and non-economic shocks, among others. CBMS also provides the necessary local level data for generating development indices such as the CBMS composite index (CCI), the multidimensional poverty index (MPI), and the vulnerability index, among others.
Although the CBMS can generate a wide range of LGU-specific indicators, at the very minimum there are 14 core indicators that are being measured to determine the welfare status of the population. These indicators capture the multidimensional aspects of poverty and have been confined to outcome and impact indicators.
Other information that can also be generated from the CBMS includes the following: migration, overseas remittances, community/political participation, access to programs, and vulnerability indicators of impacts of climate change and disaster risks, among others. Data generated from CBMS can be disaggregated across population subgroups (by age, gender, ethnicity, income-class, urban-rural, among others), and by geopolitical levels (barangay/ village, municipal/city, and provincial). CBMS, conducted on a regular basis, can generate panel data that can aid tracking of conditions of households/groups of population over time.