Philippines Enacts CBMS Law

The Philippine government enacted a law institutionalizing the use of community-based monitoring system (CBMS) as a tool for formulation and implementation of poverty alleviation programs that are specific, targeted and responsive to the needs of each sector of the community. On April 17, 2019, Republic Act 11315 referred as the CBMS Act was signed by the President establishing CBMS in all cities and municipalities and appropriating funds therefore (see IRR here).

Based on the law, the State shall adopt a community-based monitoring system which generates updated and disaggregated data necessary in targeting beneficiaries, comprehensive poverty analysis and needs prioritization, designing appropriate policies and interventions and monitoring impacts overtime. Data collection shall be conducted regularly and synchronized and will be undertaken in every municipality and cities every 3 years. Cities and municipalities would be the primary data collecting authority within its locality.

A CBMS council composed of the Philippine Statistics Authority, the Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG), and the Department of Information and Communication Technology will be created. The council to be spearheaded by the Philippine Statistics Authority shall be created to achieve secure and efficient data sharing arrangement among national government agencies and local government units to be used for their particular social protection and welfare programs and projects. The PSA shall be the lead agency in the implementation of CBMS whose tasks among others would involve setting standards, development and review of forms utilizing as base the CBMS forms used by LGUs.

The CBMS Act refers to CBMS as an organized technology based system of collecting, processing and validating necessary disaggregated data that may be used for planning, program implementation and impact monitoring at the local level while empowering communities to participate in the process. It involves the generation of data at the local level which serves as basis in targeting households in the planning, budgeting and implementation of government programs geared towards poverty alleviation and economic development. It entails a census of all households undertaken by the LGUs with participation of the community using accelerated poverty profiling system in data collection, processing, mapping and analysis of data.